Structuring An Essay Ks3 Geography

  • It seems like a big jump from gcse, from writing no essays to lots.
    Just wondering any tips?
    Key things to include?
    How to get good marks?


  • As long as you know your case studies you'll be fine, that's the biggest difference from gcse. Just be prepared to talk about a few in a bit of depth, and drop any relevant facts/figures you've read (from news, etc.) in to back up your points. And if you can't quite remember a fact or statistic, don't be afraid to make a guess, as long as its not too implausible. They're not going to check every figure, and they won't penalise you if you're wrong. I just made a page for each main case study and some more general stuff, and learned as much of it as I could. Good luck, feel free to ask anything else about it

  • From assessment objectives..

    AO1 Knowledge and understanding - it means you have to understand theories, and remember facts accurately from case studies; show the examiner that you UNDERSTAND what you're being asked and show that you've got the KNOWLEDGE. to show your knowledge it would be best to define key terms in your introductory paragraph, and then expand in detail in later paragraphs.

    AO2 Application and analysis - apply the case studies to SUPPORT your points. for example, in the first sentence of each paragraph you state your point and then you use 'for example, in ...' (evidence) to support your point. analyse the evidence as well, that is, to look at the evidence at a wider or deeper dimension...APPLICATION is key - you can't get marks from just writing out all the facts from case studies. you MUST apply them to your answer.

    AO3 Communication and structure - a good introduction is important, you should put definitions, outline what you're gonna look at in your essay and what case studies are you gonna use. intro is used to give a clear picture to the examiner of what are you gonna say. after writing a few paragraphs, CONCLUSION is extremely important. using previous paragraphs to clearly state your conclusion. don't just use one or two sentence. make it about 4 to 5 lines at least (depends on your handwriting..).

    P.S. i'm still an A2 level geography student but hopefully it helps!

  • When analysing the structure of a text, which refers to the effect created by the chosen sequencing of ideas, you need to explain your own ideas.

    An effective way of doing this is to use the PEA technique, where PEA stands for: Point, Evidence, Analysis

    • Point - Make a point about the effects of the sequencing of a section, about the text's beginning, middle or end, or about the overall make-up, layout or structure of the piece. It is important that your point is one that will help develop the argument you are creating as your answer to the essay question. For example, 'The photograph occupies the most space within the article and the page'.
    • Evidence - Provide some evidence to support your point. This can be a quotation or a description. For example, 'The picture shows a cave that is clearly very dark and looks very old. Because there is only one light, it looks incredibly spooky.'
    • Analysis - Analyse and explain how the evidence works (you might expand further on aspects of its effect, method and the writer’s purpose). For example 'This picture seems to be used for two reasons. The first is to show what the reader can expect if they visit this place and the second is make a visit enticing as the image hints that the place might well be ghostly, with haunting shadows and an old-fashioned appearance. This helps add persuasiveness to the text.'
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